Opel Kadett E
+ 1. Maintenance instruction
+ 2. Weekly checks and service in a way
+ 3. Maintenance
+ 4. Engine
+ 5. System of cooling, heating and ventilation
+ 6. Fuel and exhaust systems
- 7. Start and charging system
7.1. Technical characteristics
7.2. Finding of malfunctions in electric chains
- 7.3. Accumulator
7.3.1. Rules of care of the accumulator
7.3.2. Accumulator check
7.3.3. Battery charging
7.3.4. Removal and accumulator installation
7.3.5. Check of system of a charging
+ 7.4. Generator
+ 7.5. Starter
7.6. Replacement of the lock of ignition
7.7. Removal and installation of the sensor of pressure of oil
7.8. Removal and installation of the sensor of level of oil on models with 16 valves
+ 7.9. Electric equipment of diesel engines 16D, 16DA, 17D and 17DR
+ 8. Ignition system
+ 9. Coupling
+ 10. Transmissions and power shafts
+ 11. Brake system
+ 12. Suspension bracket and steering
+ 13. Body
+ 14. Electric circuits
If you are going to keep operability of the battery throughout the longest period of time, observe the following rules:
At the idle engine switch off all electric devices in the car.
Disconnection of the battery from a network of the car begin with a negative wire.
Each 15–20 days (through 2 500 km of run) wipe the accumulator from dirt in order to avoid its self-category. With the same purpose it is necessary to eliminate begin to flow electrolit and to isolate from the case a fixing frame.
The accumulator should be reliably fixed on the car. Watch that plugs of wires were strongly fixed on accumulator conclusions, explosion otherwise is possible.
The accumulator can continuously work in a starterny mode no more than 15 seconds; the break between cycles should make not less than 60 seconds.
Periodically check the voltmeter the tension developed by the relay regulator. Indications are necessary for removing directly on accumulator plugs at the working heated-up engine. The size of tension should keep within a range from 13,8 to 14,5 Volts.
On served accumulators it is desirable to check level and electrolit density through each 3 000 km. Level of electrolit is checked on a special mark in transparent cases or by means of a special glass tube in opaque cases. The electrolit should close the upper edge of plates on 10–15 mm. The density of electrolit is checked by means of the areometer. If the density became lower than value of 1,23 g/cm3 in the winter and 1,19 g/cm3 in the summer, additional charge is necessary.
Even if the generator and a regulator of tension are serviceable, and electrolit level in norm, additional charge by means of the charger is necessary once a month in the winter and each 6 months in other seasons.
It is possible to store the accumulator filled in with electrolit only completely charged, thus the density of electrolit should be checked once a month.
Battery charging make a current making exactly 0,1 from nominal capacity. For example, the accumulator in capacity 50 And / is necessary for charging a current force 5 And at the unscrewed jams of jellied openings h.
It is not necessary to fill in in the accumulator of electrolits with specific weight more than 1,28 g/cm3. Trying to increase thus a starting current, you in a short period will put out of action the accumulator. For the same reason to lead up electrolit level to norm it is possible only the distilled water.
In the opaque served battery level of electrolit can be measured by means of a hollow glass tubule, having closed one its end a finger. In taken "test" the height of a column of liquid in a tube will correspond to height of excess of level of electrolit over the upper edge of plates.
It is necessary to remove begin to flow electrolit or to neutralize possibility of influence of electrolit on surrounding subjects; to make it it is possible by means of 10 percent solution of sal ammoniac or soda.
Operation of the discharged battery, especially is not allowed in the winter.
In the discharged accumulator the water percent in electrolit is too high. The electrolit can freeze and put out of action the accumulator case. Do not try to charge the frozen accumulator a big current or to get the car from an extraneous source, Let's to the accumulator thaw, and then try to restore it by a charging a current of small force – and it still can serve.
Crack in bank of the served accumulator – not always the reason of its replacement. Pour out electrolit, dry up and wash out gasoline a crack then process it a file. The sawdust formed at cutting of a crack, mix with epoksidny glue or a shpatlevka. With the received structure carefully cover a crack. After this procedure of electrolits fill in not earlier than in 24 hours.